January 16, 2013

Factor and Multiple Lesson Plan (Grade 7)

Learning Objective (Standard Competency):

1. Evaluate factors and multiples of a number
2. Distinguish between prime numbers and composite number
3. Analyze the prime factorization of a composite number
4. Conclude the Highest Common Factor (HCF) and Least Common Multiple(LCM) of two or  
     more number.


Purpose ( Basic Competency): 

Students are able to:

1.   Calculate factors and multiples of a number
2.   List the factors and multiples of a number
3.   Give the examples of factors and multiples in daily life
4.   Identify prime and composite numbers
5.   Differentiate between prime and composite numbers
6.   List prime and composite numbers
7.   Calculate the prime factorization
8.   Decompose the composite number into prime factors
9.   Write index notation
10. Understand the Highest Common Factor (HCF) and Least Common Multiple (LCM) of two 
      or more number
11. Calculate the Highest Common Factor (HCF) and Least Common Multiple (LCM) of two or 
       more number
12. Give the examples of HCF and LCM in daily life

Skills:

Students are able to:

1.  Calculate factors and multiples of a number
2.  Differentiate prime numbers and composite number
3.  Understand the Highest Common Factor (HCF) and Least Common Multiple (LCM) of two 
     or more number
4.  Calculate the Highest Common Factor (HCF) and Least Common Multiple (LCM) of  two 
     or more number


Assessment: 

1.  Worksheet
2.  Exercises assigned from workbook

Essential Questions: 

•   What is the factors and the multiples?
•   How to find the factors and multiples of a number?
•   What is the usage of factors multiples in daily life? 
•   What is the prime and the composite number?
•   How to differentiate the prime and the composite number? 
•   What is the highest common factor (HCF) and the lowest common multiple (LCM)?
•   HCF and LCM in daily life.

Learning Activities:

A . Opening/Introduction:
Show the animation about the factor of a number in daily life
Write a number as a product of its factors.
Writes a number and its factors, and recognise which  prime or composite number is
Give another examples of the numbers which is prime or composite number
Writes a number and its factors, then identify its prime factors with the aid of factor tree or 
    other method
Gives the interactive worksheet about HCF to build students understanding about HCF

B. Main Activities:
Explains a number is divisible by its factors and the remainder is zero
Give the questions about factors and multiples by animation
Give the difference between factors and multiples of a number, by animation
Explains the concept of prime and composite numbers
Give the difference between prime or composite numbers,  by animation 
Play a game in groups related to prime or composite numbers on interactive game   
     animation
Give the worksheet about factor and multiple to the students
Give the worksheet about prime factorization and index notation
Ask the student about HCF and LCM concept, then the teacher explain more clearly about 
    it with animation

C. Closing:
Students will ask teacher about the materials that they do not understand
Summarize the lesson that just learned

Resources :
Mathematics Text Book
MathNavox
http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/mathgames/numbers/fruit_shoot_prime.htm
http://www.helpingwithmath.com/resources/games/prime/prime01.html
http://www.xpmath.com/forums/arcade.php?do=play&gameid=60
http://www.fun4thebrain.com/beyondfacts/lcmsnowball.html
http://www.mathplayground.com/factortrees.html
http://www.mathplayground.com/howto_gcflcm.html

Vocabulary:
Factor 
Multiple
Prime Number, 
Composite Number
Prime factorization, 
factor tree
Index notation 
power 
square
cube

Teaching Aids: 
Internet Connection
Flash Animation
LCD projector
Computer


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